Share |

High Risk Hope

 Susie Bray c/o Richland Investments, 3161 Michelson Dr Ste 425
 Irvine, CA 92612
[P] (813) 2475483
[F] (813) 248-3202
www.highriskhope.org
www.tottrot.org
[email protected]org
Bailey Nicholas
FOUNDED: 2011
INCORPORATED: 2011
 Printable 1 Page Summary
 Printable Profile
Organization DBA --
Former Names --
Organization received a competitive grant from the community foundation in the past five years Yes
Employer Identification Number 27-5129716 --

Summary


--

Mission StatementMORE »

High Risk Hope is a 501(c)(3) for purpose organization formed on February 16, 2011 to provide support, encouragement, information and resources to women and families who are experiencing a high risk pregnancy resulting in hospital bed rest, potential premature birth and neonatal intensive care after delivery.

Mission Statement

High Risk Hope is a 501(c)(3) for purpose organization formed on February 16, 2011 to provide support, encouragement, information and resources to women and families who are experiencing a high risk pregnancy resulting in hospital bed rest, potential premature birth and neonatal intensive care after delivery.

FinancialsMORE »

Fiscal Year 2019
Projected Expenses $400,371.00
Projected Revenue $401,959.00

ProgramsMORE »

  • Bed Rest Baskets
  • NICU Napsacks
  • Books For Babies

Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

For more details regarding the organization's financial information, select the financial tab and review available comments.


Overview


Mission Statement

High Risk Hope is a 501(c)(3) for purpose organization formed on February 16, 2011 to provide support, encouragement, information and resources to women and families who are experiencing a high risk pregnancy resulting in hospital bed rest, potential premature birth and neonatal intensive care after delivery.

Background Statement

High Risk Hope Founder, Heather Barrow was just 24 weeks into pregnancy with her second child when her water broke and she went into labor. Doctors immediately prepared Heather and her husband Bennett for the impending birth of her son Hill, warning he would have a 50% percent chance of survival and would certainly face some type of severe and permanent disability.

Preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24 weeks is rare, and the mother and baby’s life is at risk as long as the pregnancy continues. Heather and Hill were closely monitored due to the potentially fatal risk of umbilical cord prolapse and infection. With the cushioning amniotic fluid between the baby and umbilical cord gone, any movement could cause the baby to roll on the cord and stop the flow of oxygen, resulting in brain damage or death. Heather’s ability to remain calm and optimistic in such traumatic and stressful circumstances played a crucial role in her ability to prolong her pregnancy as long as medically feasible.

Thanks to an excellent medical team, prayers, the support of loved ones, and a positive outlook, Heather remained pregnant for 59 days on complete hospital bed rest. To the surprise of an operating room full of nurses, obstetricians, and neonatologists, Hill was born kicking and screaming at 32 weeks by an emergency C-section. Despite being born two months premature, and having no amniotic fluid for two months in utero, Hill needed no breathing support during his brief stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. Since his birth in 2009, Hill has met or exceeded every developmental milestone and has shown no complications related to Heather’s hospitalization or his premature birth.

It is hard to imagine, or to adequately convey, how difficult and stressful this type of ordeal can be on a mother-to-be and her family. While in the hospital, Heather received no support from a local or national nonprofit. This was the norm for other hospital patients, most of whom also did not have a strong personal support system.

HRH evolved out of one mother wanting to encourage others facing similar terrifying circumstances by bridging the gap between their worst fears of losing a child and the hope of leaving the hospital with a healthy baby. HRH has become an unstoppable and evolving movement in the Fight For Preemies thanks to our hospital partners in both Florida and California, our dedicated volunteers and our loyal donors serving 2,250 new HRH families every year.


Impact Statement

Every day a woman on hospital bed rest remains pregnant is a miracle and can decrease her baby’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay by as many as three days. Delaying birth a few weeks longer decreases the chances her baby will experience lasting complications. There is no universal explanation for what causes a woman to go into labor prematurely. While some pregnancy complications and hospitalizations are more dire than others, they all bring a great deal of stress, anxiety, and uncertainty for the health of the mother and her unborn child. The negative reactions and stressors brought on by hospitalization can actually speed up an impending premature delivery. In addition to the critical medical treatment provided by hospital staff, it is imperative patients to be as calm and optimistic as the situation allows, so they can remain pregnant as long as medically feasible. While many hospitals recently have invested in state-of-the-art NICUs, many unmet needs remain. Our local nonprofit community has not made this epidemic a priority, as currently there is no widespread support (beyond what doctors and hospitals can offer) available to pregnant women at risk for premature delivery or the premature infants they deliver. Fortunately, the spotlight on our community’s tiniest newborns is growing brighter as HRH helps to prolong pregnancies and improve the outcomes for premature infants one hospital bed at a time.

Needs Statement

1. Donations to fund High Risk Hope's programs at Hoag Hospital. Every $35 donated supports the family of one premature baby in the neonatal intensive care unit. A $50 donation will support one pregnant mom on hospital bed rest at Hoag Hospital. Monetary donations allow HRH to purchase items for the Bed Rest Baskets and NICU Napsacks at wholesale prices, which stretches your dollar and enables your donation to impact more women and families.

2. New or gently used children books for High Risk Hope's Books for Babies program.

3. Hand knitted/crocheted/sewn premature baby items such as blankets, hats and booties.

4. Volunteers to assemble and deliver patient bags to Hoag Hospital.

CEO Statement

It is incredible what HRH has accomplished in eight short years with your help. HRH has grown its revenue by more than 175% every year and reached 7,000 families in crisis! HRH is thrilled to add Hoag Hospital to our growing list of hospital partners. We will serve over 200 new families annually in the Orange County community. As the only local or national organization serving both women on hospital bed rest and premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit, HRH has also become the go-to resource online for families across the United States in desperate search of support. HRH is a dynamic and innovative for purpose organization that combines the head of a successful for-profit company with the heart of a traditional non-profit. While most companies, regardless of taxable status, fail within the first eighteen months to five years, HRH is thriving and is one of the fastest growing companies in this industry. HRH has achieved enormous impact by keeping a close eye on the bottom line and making decisions based solely on what is best for HRH and our moms and babies. Thanks to your continued support, HRH has become a catalyst in the fight to end premature birth; winning a lifelong victory with every baby we help.

Board Chair Statement

In January of 2018, our Board of Directors set lofty goals for fundraising and expanding our community outreach. Our employees, donors, and volunteers rose to the challenge, proving a great deal can be accomplished by a passionate group in 12 months. In 2018, we increased revenue, hired one new employee, and served 2,250 families in crisis. While these achievements are incredible, our work is no where near complete.

Almost 400,000 babies are born prematurely every year in the United States. Premature birth is the greatest contributor to infant death, and is a leading cause of long-term neurological disabilities, vision and hearing loss, learning and behavioral problems, cerebral palsy and lung problems. Because High Risk Hope (HRH) is the only local or national non-profit serving pregnant women on hospital bed rest and premature infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, the demand for our services exponentially exceeds what we are currently able to provide. Every community has a responsibility to combat the premature birth epidemic that affects the life of at least one in ten newborns.

Your continued support will ensure all eligible families at risk for premature birth, and those who have delivered a premature baby in your community, will receive crucial HRH support services. Thank you for your commitment to improving the lives of our tiniest newborns.

Sincerely,

Heather Barrow
Founder and Executive Director 


Other Ways to Donate/Volunteer

Take action! 100% of online donations go to High Risk Hope programs. Donations may be given securely through our website, by check, or by stock or bank wire. Other opportunities include volunteering to deliver baskets to patients, sewing or knitting baby blankets and hats, donating to Books for Babies or starting a fundraiser -big or small- through our FirstGiving page. Also, please speak out through social media and follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

Geographic Area Served

West Orange County
Local
High Risk Hope is headquartered in Tampa, Florida and serves high risk obstetric patients on long-term hospital bed rest and families with premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. In 2016, HRH initiated its partnership with Hoag Hospital Newport Beach where we will serve 200 women and families in crisis annually. HRH also partners with 6 West Central Florida hospitals including Advent Health (formerly Florida Hospital Tampa), Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, Mease Countryside Hospital, St. Josephs's Hospital, Tampa General Hospital, and Sarasota Memorial Hospital.

Organization Categories

  1. Health Care - Patient & Family Support
  2. Youth Development -
  3. Human Services - Pregnancy Centers

--

Programs


Bed Rest Baskets

HRH volunteers assemble and deliver Bed Rest Baskets to newly-admitted, long-term high risk obstetric patients at Hoag Hospital. Bed Rest Baskets provide over 50 personal items that a mom-to-be needs to survive long-term hospital bed rest. The items included are not provided by the hospital and ensure every patient’s basic needs are met so the patients can focus on a healthy mom and baby. This program also provides practical and emotional support to hospital patients and hope that their family can leave the hospital with a healthy baby.

Budget  $9,900.00
Category  Human Services, General/Other Family-Based Services
Population Served Females Adults At-Risk Populations
Program Short-Term Success 

On a weekly (or monthly) basis, HRH volunteers are able to assemble and deliver Bed Rest Baskets to 100% of eligible patients at Hoag Hospital partners.

Program Long-Term Success 
-100% of patients feel encouraged and supported by HRH.
-50% of patients support future families in some way, either through donation, participation in an event or volunteering.
-100% of pregnancies of pregnant women served by HRH are prolonged (by 24 hours or more) in part by HRH’s services. 
Program Success Monitored By  Program success information, as well as HIPPA-compliant demographic information on patients, is required to be provided to HRH under a Memorandum of Understanding with Hoag Hospital. At least annually, HRH holds review and planning meetings with hospital administration and key players from all organizations to discuss past success and determine how HRH programs can be improved or expanded in the future.
Examples of Program Success  HRH Mom Karyn Bersch said, " The amount of support I received from High Risk Hope for my seven weeks on hospital bed rest, and Kellan's months in the NICU, was overwhelming. All the visits, care baskets, phone calls, emails, texts, Facebook posts all made the time pass by fairly quickly. The hardest part was being away from my husband Kyle and daughter Kieresten.

HRH played a huge part in my overall well being and happiness while on bed rest and while my son was in the NICU. Heather Barrow was one of the first people at my bedside telling me her story and that I had to be the one to make the decision to be positive about my situation. Her advice stayed with me throughout this entire journey and even still today. The Bed Rest Basket I received from HRH had so many useful and fun things for me and so did the NICU Napsack. I had a few volunteers stop in to say hello and lift my spirits. This organization has wonderful people working for an amazing cause."


NICU Napsacks

HRH volunteers assemble and deliver NICU Napsacks to families of newly admitted premature infants to the Hoag Hospital NICU. NICU Napsacks provide 25 personal items that are crucial to a long-term hospital stay and are not currently supplied by the hospital or any other non-profit organizations. NICU Napsacks ensure a family’s basic needs are met so parents can focus on the health of their baby.

Budget  $17,600.00
Category  Human Services, General/Other Children & Youth Services
Population Served Children and Youth (0 - 19 years) At-Risk Populations Families
Program Short-Term Success  On a weekly basis, HRH volunteers are able to assemble and deliver NICU Napsacks to 100 % of eligible patients at Hoag Hospital.
Program Long-Term Success 

-100% of parents of premature babies feel encouraged, supported and more knowledgeable about the NICU experience because of HRH.

-50% of HRH families support future families in some way, either through donation, participation in an event or volunteering.
Program Success Monitored By  This information, as well as HIPPA-compliant demographic information on patients, is required to be provided to HRH under of our Memorandum of Understanding with Hoag Hospital. At least annually, HRH holds review and planning meetings with hospital administration and key players from all organizations to discuss past success and determine how HRH programs can be improved or expanded in the future.
Examples of Program Success 

Emily Carbone's son Theo was born at 23 weeks, after several weeks of hospital bed rest for her. Emily said, “During my hospital stay, we received such amazing support from family, friends, hospital staff and High Risk Hope. As so many NICU parents, nurses, doctors and social workers will tell you – the NICU is a LONG roller coaster ride. The ups and downs can change in an instant, with your baby fighting to live and enduring painful surgeries and procedures on their tiny bodies.

The HRH volunteers rallied around us, offering to chat, get coffee and share their experiences. It was amazing! HRH was incredibly supportive throughout our time on bed rest and in the NICU. From the Bed Rest Basket to NICU Napsack to connecting with other moms, HRH is such an amazing support system for parents experience high risk pregnancy and long NICU stays.”


Books For Babies

Each NICU Napsack includes children’s books as part of HRH’s Books for Babies program. Premature babies face several challenges, including a known risk of speech and language delay. Three separate 2015 studies from Harvard, Brown and Vanderbilt Universities documented the short and long-term benefits of parents reading (talking or singing) to their premature infants in the NICU. HRH’s Books for Babies program ensures NICU parents are educated about the importance of reading to their baby in the NICU, giving them a proven and simple opportunity to help their baby.
Budget  $2,000.00
Category  Education, General/Other Early Childhood Education
Population Served People/Families with People of Developmental Disabilities Children and Youth (0 - 19 years) Families
Program Short-Term Success  100% of parents of babies admitted to the NICU at Hoag Hospital will receive at least one book along with instructions on why reading to their child in the NICU is critical.
Program Long-Term Success 
-100% of NICU parents will read to their baby on a daily basis.
-Preemies who were read to will:
-learn to eat more effectively, and be released from the hospital earlier
-have increased language abilities at 7 and 18 months
-eventually perform better in school
Program Success Monitored By  High Risk Hope measures success by the number of books that are delivered annually to premature babies at Hoag Hospital.
Examples of Program Success 
Comments from the parents of premature babies:
-Nicole Ferrante Sleyzak I loved my ergo, my water bottle, the blanket, all the personal items which helped while on bed rest, and of course, I loved the books! I read them to my baby every day in the NICU!
-Kelly Marin Urbizu We loved our books!! My 3y/o daughter still says to me, "We brought these home from the 'hostidal'?" every time we read them, over 4 months since bringing my son home! I think they're extra special to my daughter because she equates them with her brother getting big and healthy in the NICU, and I think Adam will love them because they mean so much to his sister.

Management


CEO/Executive Director Bailey Nicholas
CEO Term Start Oct 2017
CEO Email [email protected]
CEO Experience

Bailey holds her BA in Religion from Wake Forest University and her MA in Arts Administration from Columbia University. She has worked and volunteered in the non-profit sector in the Tampa Bay Area since 2006, most recently as the Membership and Marketing Coordinator at the Museum of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. She has also worked for the Tampa General Hospital Foundation and the Dali Museum, as well as volunteered at The Straz Center for the Performing Arts and The Junior League of Tampa. Bailey was introduced to High Risk Hope when on bed rest at St. Joseph’s Women’s Hospital while pregnant with her twins. Following a two-week stay in the NICU, twins Henry and Nora came home healthy. Bailey notes that “High Risk Hope supported me throughout my pregnancy and NICU stay, inspiring me to become a volunteer delivering Bed Rest Baskets and NICU Napsacks. During my time volunteering with High Risk Hope, I was continually impressed by the organization’s unique support of women on hospital bed rest and its passionate volunteers and donors.” Bailey began working at High Risk Hope in January 2016 as the Fund Development and Special Events Manager and became the Executive Director in October 2017.

Former CEOs and Terms

Name Start End
Heather Barrow Feb 2011 Oct 2017

Senior Staff

Name Title Experience/Biography
Kate Brant --

Kate has a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Miami, her M.S. in School Psychology from Nova Southeastern University and her M.S. in Clinical Psychology from Nova Southeastern University. Over the past several years she has developed a strong interest in program development while working in the hospital and private clinical psychology practice settings. In South Florida, she worked with both Nicklaus Children’s Hospital (formerly known as Miami Children’s Hospital) and Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital, helping to create group therapy programs and assisting in the development of the psychosocial piece of their multidisciplinary cardiac transplant program. Most recently in Colorado, she took on the role of Group Therapy Program Coordinator at Legacy Comprehensive Counseling and Consulting, where she researched, implemented, and managed multiple group therapy curriculums. Kate has been volunteering with HRH for the past year, spending over 100 hours assembling bags and assisting in various projects.

Kerri Kibbey Director of Special Events, Marketing and Public Relations

Kerri graduated Magna Cum Laude from Texas A & M University-Kingsville with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Fashion and Interior Merchandising. After graduation, Kerri worked at Georgiou, a women’s franchise retail store, where she brought her store from the bottom in sales to grossing in the top 5 in the United States. She continued her career with Ethan Allen Home Furnishings in Jacksonville, FL as the Operations Manager, where she oversaw the customer service department and maintained 98% customer satisfaction and loyalty. Kerri is the mother of two NICU babies, who are both now healthy kids. She was a member of the High Risk Hope Board of Directors from 2011 until 2017, transitioning off the board to take the position as the Director of Special Events, Marketing, and Public Relations.

Bailey Nicholas Executive Director

Born and raised in Austin, Texas, Bailey attended Wake Forest University where she met her husband and Tampa-native, Richard. Bailey has worked and volunteered in the non-profit sector in the Tampa Bay Area since 2006, most recently as the Membership and Marketing Coordinator at the Museum of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. She has also worked for the Tampa General Hospital Foundation and the Dali Museum, as well as volunteered with The Straz Center for the Performing Arts and The Junior League of Tampa. She holds her BA in Religion from Wake Forest University and her MA in Arts Administration from Columbia University.

Bailey was introduced to High Risk Hope when on bed rest at St. Joseph’s Women’s Hospital while pregnant with her twins. After doctors successfully halted her pre-term labor at 28 weeks, she remained at SJWH for four weeks on hospital bed rest. Her twins were born just shy of 35 weeks, delivered due to severe preeclampsia. Following a two week stay in the NICU, twins Henry and Nora came home healthy. Bailey notes that, “High Risk Hope supported me throughout my pregnancy and NICU stay, inspiring me to become a volunteer delivering Bed Rest Baskets and NICU Napsacks. During my time volunteering with High Risk Hope, I was continually impressed by the organization’s unique support of women on hospital bed rest and its passionate volunteers and donors.”

Shannon Oras Development Coordinator

Shannon Oras graduated from the University of Central Florida with a Bachelors of Science in Hospitality Management. She has experience in Retail Management and Visual Merchandising. Her passion for women and families has brought her to the non profit sector.

Shannon has spent her entire career in the retail industry and is eager to put her experiences to work here at High Risk Hope in a role that will allow her to help others.

Awards

Award Awarding Organization Year
Be More Entertaining - Special Events Award WEDU Be More awards 2015
Be More Unstoppable - Nonprofit Organization of the year WEDU Be More awards 2015
$25,000 First Place Business Plan award Children's Board of Hillsborough County 2014
Woman of Promise Girl Scouts of West Central Florida 2014
Community Hero - $50,000 Tampa Bay Lightning 2013

Affiliations

Affiliation Year
-- --

External Assessments and Accreditations

External Assessment or Accreditation Year
-- --

Collaborations

High Risk Hope works closely with our hospital partners, doctors, nurses, and staff to ensure patients receive the highest level of support. High Risk Hope performs annual reviews of hospital partners, addresses issues at a planning meeting and executes a signed Memorandum of Understanding with each hospital.

Staff Information

Number of Full Time Staff 3
Number of Part Time Staff 1
Number of Volunteers 300
Number of Contract Staff 0
Staff Retention Rate % 100%
Staff Professional Development Yes

Staff Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 0
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 0
Caucasian: 4
Hispanic/Latino: 0
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: 0
Other (if specified): 0
Gender Female: 4
Male: 0
Not Specified 0

Plans & Policies

Organization has Fundraising Plan? Under Development
Organization has Strategic Plan? Under Development
Years Strategic Plan Considers N/A
Management Succession Plan Under Development
Organization Policies And Procedures Yes
Business Continuity of Operations Plan Yes

Risk Management Provisions

Nondiscrimination Policy Yes
Whistle Blower Policy Yes
Document Destruction Policy No
Directors and Officers Insurance Policy Yes

Reporting and Evaluations

Management Reports to Board? Yes
CEO Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Senior Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually
Non Management Formal Evaluation and Frequency Yes Annually

Government Licenses

--

CEO Comments

--

Foundation Comments

--

Governance


Board Chair Heather Barrow
Board Chair Company Affiliation High Risk Hope
Board Chair Term Feb 2011 - Dec 2020
Board Co-Chair --
Board Co-Chair Company Affiliation --
Board Co-Chair Term -

Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
Bennett Barrow CFP Barrow Asset Management Voting
Heather Barrow CPA High Risk Hope --
Susie Bray none --
Elizabeth Carrere none --
Lauren Companioni Strahan DMD -- Voting
Kate DeSantis High Risk Hope Voting
Paul Dolcimascolo CFP UBS Private Wealth Management Voting
Tracie Domino Tracie Domino Events Voting
Betsy Graham -- --
Courtney Robinson WTSP 10 News Voting
Alfonso Vargas MD -- Voting

Constituent Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Youth Board Members

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Additional Board Members and Affiliations

Name Company Affiliations Status
-- -- --

Board Demographics

Ethnicity African American/Black: 0
Asian American/Pacific Islander: 0
Caucasian: 9
Hispanic/Latino: 2
Native American/American Indian: 0
Other: --
Other (if specified): --
Gender Female: 8
Male: 3
Not Specified 0

Board Information

Board Term Lengths 3
Board Term Limits 2
Board Meeting Attendance % 86%
Written Board Selection Criteria Under Development
Written Conflict Of Interest Policy Yes
Percentage of Monetary Contributions 100%
Percentage of In-Kind Contributions 75%
Board Orientation Yes

CEO Comments

--

Foundation Comments

--

Standing Committees

  • Special Events (Golf Tournament, Walk / Run, Silent Auction, Dinner / Gala)

Financials


Revenue vs. Expense ($000s)

Expense Breakdown 2017 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2016 (%)

Expense Breakdown 2015 (%)

Prior Three Years Total Revenue and Expense Totals

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Revenue $6,736 $32,200 $244,650
Total Expenses $14,289 $4,867 $79,309

Prior Three Years Revenue Sources

Revenue By Revenue Source
Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Foundation and
Corporation Contributions
$571 $31,500 $199,083
Government Contributions $0 $0 $0
    Federal -- -- --
    State -- -- --
    Local -- -- --
    Unspecified -- -- --
Individual Contributions $165 $200 --
Indirect Public Support -- -- --
Earned Revenue -- -- --
Investment Income, Net of Losses -- -- --
Membership Dues -- -- --
Special Events -- -- --
Revenue In-Kind $6,000 $500 --
Other -- -- $45,567

Prior Three Years Expense Allocations

Expense By Type
Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Program Expense $14,289 $4,867 --
Administration Expense -- -- $79,309
Fundraising Expense -- -- --
Payments to Affiliates -- -- --
Total Revenue/Total Expenses 0.47 6.62 3.08
Program Expense/Total Expenses 100% 100% 0%
Fundraising Expense/Contributed Revenue 0% 0% 0%

Prior Three Years Assets and Liabilities

Assets and Liabilities
Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Total Assets $19,080 $26,633 $222,005
Current Assets $19,080 -- --
Long-Term Liabilities -- -- $5,944
Current Liabilities -- -- --
Total Net Assets $19,080 $26,633 $216,061

Short Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Current Ratio: Current Assets/Current Liabilities inf nan nan

Long Term Solvency

Fiscal Year 2017 2016 2015
Long-term Liabilities/Total Assets 0% 0% 3%
Endowment Value --
Spending Policy --
Percentage(If selected) --
Are you currently in a Capital Campaign? No
Capital Campaign Purpose --
Campaign Goal --
Capital Campaign Dates -
Capital Campaign Raised-to-Date Amount --
Capital Campaign Anticipated in Next 5 Years? No

CEO Comments

--

Foundation Comments

Summary financial data is per the Form 990s and consultation with the organization. Foundation/corporate and individual contributions are combined under Foundation and Corporation Contributions.

Documents